Islamic rites at the funeral
Rules for domestic and religious life of a true Muslim are clearly described in the Sharia, in the same Code of Laws is described in detail how to conduct the funeral of the deceased, which the clergy conduct rituals and prayers are read. It is the duty of every Muslim - the principles of Sharia, a Muslim of his earthly life is preparing for the afterlife.
Deceased Muslim eventually pass away so. Deceased should tie up his chin, close your eyes and cover the face, hands and legs should be straight. On his stomach to prevent swelling put a heavy object.
Purification is carried by four men of the same sex as the deceased. The exception is his wife: a woman can participate in cleaning procedures wife and vice versa. The washing is carried out three times: once the body is washed with water and cedar powder, the second time - water mixed with camphor, the third - with clean water. The body is placed so that the head was turned toward Mecca, and wash from head to foot, every part of the body - three times, starting on the right side. After washing the body and wipe wrapped in an odd number of layers of fabric (usually three pieces of knitted fabric is not white). Hands stretched along the body, palms up or crossed on your chest. Shariah rules to bury the deceased in clothes is forbidden to do so, use a shroud made of white calico cloth. The room must smoke, incense.
Shroud wrapped body is placed in tobut - stretcher with a sliding lid. Tobut can be both a mosque and a cemetery. The body lay on tobut, after the laid a blanket, pushes the lid and cover with a cloth or a flag. Some denominations also taken from the top to put clothes of the deceased, that others can learn half of the deceased.
During the vigil imam or other people read verses of the Koran. In the coffin lay the dead people who performed ablution, and the head should be placed back in the direction of Mecca.
Tree is used for the coffin, inside it can be lined with cloth or green is decorated with a crescent moon. Burying a body without a coffin, placing it in a mound and turning on the right side, facing towards Mecca.
Muslims must be buried as quickly as possible, no later than 48 hours after death. For burial is usually chosen near the cemetery. Flowers bring is not accepted, although it is not forbidden, but the use of any funeral merchandise (artificial wreaths, ribbons, blankets, etc.) is prohibited. Once mogul zasyplyut ground, its height should make four fingers. At the end of the ritual tomb of a water spray on her handful of earth (seven times) and read prayers.
Farewell to a mosque very rarely done, is done at the cemetery. By tradition, the dead bury the men, women may come the next day. Cremate the dead body is prohibited, as is the Muslim equivalent to \"burning in hell\" - a terrible punishment for misdeeds. The embalming of the body is possible only in case of export.
Tombstone at Muslim cemeteries have always turned towards Mecca. They should not be decorated, are permitted only quotations from the Koran. Photos can not be placed on the monument.
The body of the deceased Muslim can not be transferred to research and post-mortem donation.
The first three days after the funeral of the Sharia prescribes keep mourning. At this time in prayer commemorates the name of the departed person, and speak only good. In the prayers to make requests to God, as was believed to the first night near the deceased are the angels Munkar and Nakeer to interrogate the deceased on his life. Prayers can also alleviate the plight of relatives who died during the "Underground Court".