The funeral service of the deceased and other ceremonies
In Orthodoxy, commemorate the dead on the third, ninth and fortieth day after death. Also, pray for the dead every year in day care. Many parishioners often wonder why choose these days. Traveling through the desert, St. Macarius of Alexandria asked such a question the angels who accompanied him. The answer was the angels that God has established in his church, the sacraments, he commanded them to do, but not allowed to do something useless and unnecessary.
When they pray for the deceased relatives on the third day, then the soul gets it from an angel who is close, relief from grief and separation from the body. Praying close heart give up hope. Within two days after the death of the soul is allowed to be in those places on earth where it wishes, with its attendant angels. The soul that is tied to the body, often returning to the house, which was separated from the body, is placed near the coffin. The soul, in life to perform good things, often goes to places where these things occur. On the third day the soul is raised for the worship of God, in imitation of the Risen Savior, and the rest on the ground praying to Christ, who himself was resurrected on the third day, raised the dead and the soul for life. After the worship of God the soul can see all the beauty and grace of heaven. Staying in amazement, soul glorifies its creator - God and forgets about all the troubles that happened to her when she was in the body. But if the soul during earthly life committed unseemly acts, then, seeing the beauty of paradise, she begins to suffer grief and strongly rebukes himself for not having conducted a life in service to God and now cannot qualify for such goodness from the creator.
On the ninth day The soul is again before God. Angels laud her for worship. On this day, God can forgive sins, soul of the deceased. Prayers are close on the ninth day with prayers by the request of the nine ranks of angels (Seraphim, Cherubim, Thrones, Dominions, Force in, the Authorities began, archangels and angels) can help the soul to be forgiven. But first, God commands show Soul Hell, where tormented souls of those who in life was not righteous. There the soul is thirty days, watching the torments of hell and the expectation that God will have mercy and not leave it there.
When is the fortieth day from the moment of death, the soul turns to God for the third time. On this day, God determines where the soul will be, depending on its earthly affairs. On this day the soul of the deceased praying that she could stand trial in the Court of God, ascended to heaven on the fortieth day the Lord has given to the newly-Soul of paradise. The souls of all dead according to their worldly affairs are in different places: the souls of those who lived a life of righteousness, are in communion with Christ and in expectation of happiness which they will be defined in a general court, as the soul of those cat lived in the earthly life of sin , are in the torments of hell.
The souls of those who died in the faith, but not worthy of repentance brought fruit, may be in paradise with the help of their wholesome worldly affairs. Can help them and praying friends and relatives. Therefore, in the third, ninth and fortieth days, the family, who came to the Temple, must submit a note of repose. The prayers of the deceased's birthday and the anniversary of his death, may also alleviate the plight of the soul, so in these days should pray fervently for the repose. Up to forty days in the notes write "deceased husband (name)."
The temple can be ordered prayers for the dead (requiem); it needs to go to a priest or a "candle-box." The funeral service may be effected in the house where the remains of a deceased person's body, and in the Temple, and near the grave. Pray for a memorial service for the soul of one deceased, and for the souls of many. You can serve and shorter service - a litany for the dead. Lithium (from the Greek for "intensified prayer") is made a priest at the request of relatives and can be carried out before the body vynesut from home or at a meeting of the body in the vestibule of the Temple. Also, lithium can be held when relatives return home after the burial at the grave or in the Temple. Lithium are in the temple instead of funeral services in the days when Lent was observed. And during lithium and during the funeral service at the remembrance of the dead taken next to the canon put on a special table kolivo or kutiyu.
Kutya prepared of boiled wheat and honey and is a reminder of the resurrection of the dead. Grain must first get into the ground and istlet there to generate new results. Also, the body should be buried, at the right moment to rise to new life incorruptible. Honey is sweet here represents eternal life and its benefits. Now many people use wheat instead of boiled rice, which is mixed with raisins. Raisins can also decorate kutiyu, for example, laying it in the form of a cross. Kutiyu after the memorial service blesses the priest, after the memorial service (on the grave or at home) before the remembrance kutiya distributed in small portions to all who came to pay tribute to a deceased Christian. As a rule, at the funeral sweet taste their food: kutiyu, honey, pancakes, jelly, etc.
Mass commemoration of the dead Christians, baptized in the Orthodox Church, a few times during the year is made of the Orthodox Church. Such events are called ecumenical memorial service or Parent Saturday (the Saturday before Carnival, Saturday, second, third and fourth weeks of Lent, Saturday afternoon in front of Holy Trinity, the Saturday before Memorial Day St. Demetrius (November 8, n. Art..) The dead on the field battlefield soldiers commemorated on the day of the Beheading of St. John the Baptist (September 11, Mr.. CT..)
Also for the commemoration of the dead provided one more day - Monday or Tuesday of the second week after Easter. Wears this day the name "Memorial Easter" in honor of the fact that the commemoration takes place on that day with the intent to share the joy of the Resurrection of Christ and with the deceased. On this day, Orthodox Christians pay exclamation Christ is risen! "And to the dead. On the day of Radonitsa (and not on Easter Sunday, as many believe) should visit the graves of departed loved ones from life on earth. Neither the day of Resurrection, nor Radonitsa mogul is not removed, it must be done beforehand or afterwards. Reduction of burial sites in the order of the day can be considered a sin and disrespect for the holiday - in a day is proclaimed the joy of the Resurrection of Christ, when you can spend time at the grave in light of grief and mental conversations with the deceased. No need to leave at the grave of sweets and eggs, much less drink alcohol - it has no relation to Christianity.
If the Orthodox Christian dies, then the special rites are performed.
At the time of withdrawal rights of our world should read over it a special canon of waste, called "Prayer Canon with shower separation from the body." After the death of the body should be washed with water and then obryazheno in new clothes (white, or else a different, appropriate rank of the deceased). In the case of the death of an infant it is dressed in the clothes in which he was baptized.
The body is then placed in a coffin. If the coffin left the house, then it must be placed in the middle of the room near the home of icons, but so that the face was turned toward the door. Deceased on the forehead lay wreath - ribbon of paper, which depicts Jesus Christ, Mother of God and John the Baptist in a sign that the deceased has won his passions and his spiritual enemies. Placed on the chest icon of the Saviour or the Mother of God, this represents the faith of the departed in Christ, and that his soul is transferred to the tribunal of Christ. On the neck of the deceased must be a cross, if there is none, the body is covered with the cover of the church, marking the cover of the Church. Around the coffin candles lit on all four sides. This suggests that the path of the deceased is in a better life after death, in the region of the world. Since the death of the coffin to read the Psalms, to which are added prayers for the repose of the deceased. Finish reading the Psalms before burial service. The sequence of actions and rules of reading Psalms are described in Prayer.
When the coffin is carried to the church for the funeral service, during the transfer sing "Holy God". If you have the desire and ability, you should leave the coffin in the Temple for the night. When is the funeral, standing at the altar so you can see the coffin (sideways or face, but not the back). Should be baptized right hand, left hand should hold a candle. During the funeral candles in the hands of those present must be lit, and prayers must offer not only the deceased, but also about themselves. When the priest reads the prayer, candle in hand late must pay and shift it to the right hand. Candles, which are present in their hands, too, must be repaid as a sign of the end of earthly life. Need to pray for the quieting of the deceased, the fact that he went to heaven where the righteous, where there is no disease and unhappiness. At the end of prayers, family bid farewell to the deceased - is the last kiss. As a rule, kiss her forehead deceased (where the crown) and an icon on his chest. After kissing all returned to their seats. Good-bye to relatives to try to restrain myself, do not show their emotions. After all said farewell to the deceased, an icon of his chest taken away. It can immediately bring home, but you can leave the church until the fortieth day, but after all the same take home and pray in front of her.
At the end of the dead veil from head to toe, the priest sprinkles it with earth in the form of a cross and says: "earth is the Lord and the execution thereof, the universe, and all ye that dwell therein." Present in the form of jewelry real flowers are removed. If the in vivo has been committed Unction (Sacrament Unction), the body of the deceased sprayed with oil and wine, after which the coffin was closed with a lid, accompanied by singing "Eternal Memory". When the funeral is over, the coffin is moved to the cemetery and lowered into the grave so that the deceased person was drawn to the east. On the coffin of the family throw a handful of earth. Throwing money into the grave - not the Christian tradition, and pagan ritual. After the grave is buried, present commemorate the deceased sweets (kutiey, honey). Rested on the grave of the Orthodox establish a cross, symbolizing Christ's victory over death and hell.
Suicides can not read the burial service and deprived of ecclesiastical funerals and prayers. But if it is proved that the suicide was due to cloud reason (mental disorder) and there is proof of it, then it should go to the Patriarchate, or diocesan office, where the ruling bishop gives permission for the funeral. In other cases, the Church does not pray for suicide and for sinners, not repented of their sins, such desperate and hardened people take away the sins against the Holy Spirit that can not be forgiven, either now or in the future, as Christ taught.
In case of death of the baptized infants and children to seven years, the priest performs a special funeral service, for they are without blemish and free from error. Church asks to leave them in the kingdom of heaven. If the infant was not baptized, then it is impossible to funeral because he was involved in parental sins. However punished his soul will not, but there will not be glorified. Unbaptized adults and not burial service.
The funeral service may be made in absentia. For this we need to order the funeral at the Cathedral of correspondence. In this case, at the hands of relatives will be given the prayer with the rim and the ground. Corolla will be placed on the forehead of the deceased, praying to invest in his right hand, put a cross on his neck (if not, then placed on the chest icon). After a farewell to pick up the icon, a person close veil and sprinkle with ground cover in the form of a cross. Earth may be home, there's no danger.
But to make a prayer and memorial service - not the most important, much more important to give a note on the health or repose of the Communion bread to the Divine Liturgy. No less important is the very prayer during the service, rather than leave it.
Reading the main church prayer of living and the dead takes place Proskomedia committed before the liturgy during reading hours. Personalized note folded in "candle box" and carry them to the altar together with unleavened bread. While reading the notes from the priest takes prosphoras "memorial" of the particle. At the end of Mass Communion bread again placed in the box, where they can then pick up. Communion bread can be eaten at once or divided into several parts. House of the communion bread eaten on an empty stomach, drinking holy water. None of the Communion bread crumb should not fall on the floor and not be trampled underfoot. Unleavened bread (from the Greek word "offering") - a small round loaf, which depicts a cross and says "IC HC NI KA" ("Jesus Christ conquers").
Prepare the communion bread of wheat flour with yeast from yeast. Unleavened bread consists of two circles, which is baked separately, and then connect. The two parts that make up the Communion bread mean in Jesus Christ are inseparably fused humanity and divinity. When removing or cutting of prosphoras particles, the priest gives the names (mentions) of those asked to pray about anyone in the notes. All the particles taken out from the prosphora, assigned to the Lamb beside diskos, and at the end of Mass are connected with the Blessed Sacrament - the Body and Blood of Christ - in the Cup. With this connection, and the living and the dead reduce their sins and receive eternal life.